As a car driver, you rely on your power steering system to boost your level of control. You don’t want to see it slip out of your hands, especially when turning. Thus, you need to know what’s going on with your car, including how it’s propelled and how it helps you navigate the road. The two main types of auto power steering systems are electric and hydraulic. The electric system is less involved than the hydraulic system, which relies on fluid circulation within the car. To better understand electric vs. hydraulic power steering, keep reading.
What Is Electric Power Steering?
Electric Power Steering (EPS) is a system that utilizes an electric motor and appropriate sensors. This is to assist the driver in turning the steering wheel for a smoother, more effortless driving experience.
It’s found on most modern vehicles. It has become increasingly prevalent due to its convenience and overall performance.
As the driver turns the steering wheel and applies torque, the electric motor deploys an assist power. This helps reduce the effort needed to turn the wheel. Since EPS relies on an electric motor, it would be more efficient and require less maintenance than a hydraulic system.
Ultimately, it provides the driver with the same smooth, responsive steering they’ve expected.
What Is Hydraulic Power Steering?
Hydraulic Power Steering (HPS) is a vehicle system to reduce manual steering effort. It uses a liquid, engine oil, or a special steering fluid. This helps to transfer the force from the steering wheel to the wheels.
This liquid is pumped through a cylinder, rack, or pinion. This is then connected to the steering column. The fluid pushes and pulls the steering column, which is used to turn the wheels.
HPS provides enhanced maneuverability, particularly in tight spaces. When the driver turns the steering wheel, the motor will send electric pulse signals to a power steering control module. The engine will power a rack and pinion mechanism to provide additional turning force as needed.
Electric vs. Hydraulic Power Steering: The Right System for Your Vehicle
When identifying the proper power steering system for your vehicle, it is essential to understand both EPS and HPS. Both systems offer advantages and disadvantages.
EPS is less energy-consuming. It is more suitable for vehicles with an extra high turning radius.
On the other hand, HPS is much more reliable. It uses hydraulic fluid, which provides ongoing assistance with no power interruption.
Whether you choose to go with EPS or HPS, both systems provide good levels of safety, improved control, and an enjoyable driving experience.
Ultimately, the best system depends on what you prioritize and need in a vehicle. For more information on power steering, read about stiff steering wheels here.
Do Your Research
Now you know what electric vs. hydraulic power steering is. Electric and hydraulic power steering is both robust systems when driving a car.
Electric power steering offers a quiet, easy-to-use ride, while hydraulic power steering offers a more powerful yet less efficient and noisier ride. Both have advantages, so it’s essential to weigh the pros and cons of both systems before making a decision.
Consider your individual needs to determine which is right for you. Do your research and make the best choice for your car.
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